Valuable Information On Bone Cancer
Cancer is a word used to name hundreds of diseases that have a similar characteristic, that is, the cells of an individual grows uncontrollably and this results to the destruction of healthy tissues. These "renegade" cells deprive the normal cells with the nutrition it needs which causes the healthy cells to be destroyed. Focusing on bone cancer, here are things that you should know about it.
Different varieties of bone cancer
Bone cancer is quite a rare form of cancer. There are many types of bone cancer and each one of them is not commonly found. These are:
Chondrosarchoma - a type of bone cancer that begins in the cartilage cells and then grows inside the bone or on the bone's surface. People in the middle age group are the most common victims of this type of cancer. This type is rather slow growing and usually appears in the ribs, shoulder blade, upper arms, pelvis, and the legs.
Spindle cell sarcoma - there are three variations of this type and they are: fibrosarcoma,leiomyosarcoma, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. These ones are extremely rare and usually target the shins, and long bones of the body.
Ewing's sarcoma - this type has been named in honor of the surgeon who pioneered in describing and studying it. It is usually found more often in young individuals than adults.
Osteosarcoma - this is the most common kind of bone cancer. It may occur in any age bracket but usually, it appears in young adults as well as teenagers.
Chordoma - this is the rarest form of bone cancer and it usually manifests at the upper or lower part of the spine.
Symptoms of bone cancer
Symptoms of bone cancer vary depending on what kind of bone is affected and how large the tumor is. Usually the first symptoms include pain on the area where the tumor is located. The pain is continually felt and and intensifies during the night since the muscles become relaxed. The part which is affected also becomes swelled and movement is hampered. Some of the general symptoms include the feeling of tiredness, heavy sweating, and weight loss.
A lot of these symptoms can also be found in other diseases besides cancer. Because of this, cancer may not be discovered immediately by the diagnosing physician.
Looking at the future
As of now, little is known about the causes of bone cancer. One thing is certain, cancer of any type is not contagious. Scientists and doctors are working hand in hand to find ways to treat and diagnose bone cancer. New drugs and its combinations have been tested to treat bone cancer. Surgery on bone cancer is continually improved to ensure effectiveness. Experiments on using new techniques for radiation therapy as well as chemotherapy are also being conducted.
There is still a long way to go for treating and diagnosing cancer. A lot of questions remain to be answered and a lot more must be learned about this disease. If you think that you may have symptoms of bone cancer, do not waste time to see your doctor. It is also wise to visit a bone specialist and an oncologist. There is a wealth of information that you can tap for your benefit. It can be from books that your local library can lend you as well some that are sold in bookstores. Support groups can also provide critical and much needed support for the patient as well as the patient's family. The internet also provides comprehensive information regarding bone cancer, this is a very good place to start.