Minding The Brain Cancer
Many have seen the dramas in most television shows and flicks. A brain cancer patient goes through so much pain and agony. It is scary to have one.
What Really Is Brain Cancer?
Brain cancer accounts to 20% of the cancer deaths every year. Knowing the brain will indicate how delicate this matter is.
The brain is simply the central organ controlling the rest of the body. It is composed many tissues and cells.
These brain cells or neurons continue to increase in number and develop up to the time a person reaches 7 years old. At this point, the brain has grown. The neurons stop growing. From here on, the cells will then interact and link with each other.
They are NOT meant to grow or divide any further. The control over these brain cells not to grow is very strict. Once control is lost in a single brain cell, this will become unstoppable. It can grow and divide in any manner.
With that SINGLE brain cell, the brain cancer can develop.
As it grows more and more, the single brain cell can grow into a swelling or a tumor.
Types of Brain Cancer
1. Benign Tumor
The benign tumor is found exactly where it originated. It simply grows large as time goes by, imposing its presence in the crucial areas of the brain.
2. Malignant Tumor
This kind of tumor is the type that spreads in the brain. This is the more devastating brain cancer.
The 2 Subtypes
This type starts within the brain and spreads out.
This type of cancer starts from some other organ in the body, like the lungs. It later spreads the cancer to the brain. This is also called brain metastasis.
It will have different manifestations depending on the kind of tumor and the location. It can affect the areas of thought, hearing, sensation, sight even the mood.
Causes of Brain Cancer
Like most other cases, brain cancer causes remain to be unknown. It remains to be sought why one person develops the tumor while another does not.
Most have the impression that injuring the head or causing traumas to it contribute to the development of brain cancer. These instances are not to be encouraged, however they do not have any direct relation to the disease.
Ordinary traumas or injuries to the head do not necessarily result to brain cancer. These incidents may merely involve the glial cells of the brain to reproduce to form a scar tissue.
The Risk Factors
Even if it remains to be seen what definitely causes brain cancer, there are factors found likely to increase the chances of developing one.
1. Family History
Those who have family history of rare disease are found to have the chances. Diseases such as "elephant man" syndrome or Turcot's belong to a family of diseases. The body in such a case is likely to have cysts or bumps and high risk for brain cancer.
2. Exposure to Radiation
This is also linked to brain cancer as well as other deficiencies. The risk can even be higher for those who have been exposed at a younger age.
3. Exposure to Chemicals
The exposure to the likes of PVC or benzene is connected to the disease.
Diagnosing the Cancer
It is only through neurological examination that a doctor may be able to detect formally should there be any problems with the nerves and sensation.
Through the radiological test of CAT scan, one can look for the tumor. The brain is visualized and the abnormal areas are pinpointed. This can best detect large tumors.
The MRI or Magnetic Resonance Image scan is used for detecting smaller brain tumors, painless and more expensive than the CAT scan.
Minding the Brain
Addressing brain cancer entails many more aspects. This is why it is necessary to be conscious of any need to detect and treat it. It has to be done properly and taken seriously.