Prostate Cancer Treatment Methods
Prostate cancer is one of the most wide-spread diseases among men of a certain age. This disease is developed when cancer cells form in the prostate tissue.
The prostate is part of the male reproductive organ. It is located below the gall bladder, in front of the rectum. This part produces a particular fluid which is a part of the semen.
As men grow older, there is a probability that the prostate will grow bigger and block the urethra or bladder. The urethra is a tube-like internal part of the body which empties urine from the bladder.
Once the prostate grows larger than usual, it may cause a man difficulties with urinating and the condition may also affect his sexual abilities.
A form of benign tumor that will involve the prostate glands is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia or BPH. This occurs when the prostate glands grow larger than usual. There could be a need for surgery to correct or remove this form of benign tumor. The signs characterizing BPH are the same symptoms that you will see in a prostate cancer patient.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Since the prostate is near the urethra and gall bladder, a person with prostate cancer will experience difficulties with urination, or the other extreme, which is the frequent need to urinate.
Other similar symptoms include weak flow or interrupted flow of urine, physical pain during urination, blood incorporated in the semen or urine, painful ejaculation, as well as a constant pain in the lower hip, back or pelvis area.
Once these symptoms are exhibited by a patient, a medical health professional should immediately be consulted.
Early detection of prostate cancer will decrease the fatality risks of this disease. If proper diagnosis and treatment is performed, then a prostate cancer patient will have a very high chance of survival and recovery from the disease.
Prostate Cancer Detection and Prevention Methods
1. Digital Rectal Exam or DRE
This procedure to check for prostate cancer is done by physically inserting a gloved finger into the rectum to check for abnormalities.
2. Prostate-specific Antigen or PSA Exam
PSA is a specific substance that can only be found in the men's bloodstream.
If a man has prostate cancer, the level of PSA on his blood will be higher than usual. Men with BPH will also have a higher PSA level.
This is one of the best ways to detect or diagnose if a person has prostate cancer.
Biopsy is a medical process wherein the cancerous cells are removed under the lens of a microscope.
A pathologist performs the procedure and certain tests to determine the presence of cancer cells are made. There are two types of biopsy done on a person with prostate cancer: transperineal and transrectal biopsy.
With transperineal biopsy, the physical tissue is removed using a thin needle, then the tissue is viewed under the lens of a microscope to detect if the person is positive with prostate cancer.
With transrectal biopsy, the tissue is not removed. Instead, a probe is inserted into the anus to determine the location of the cancer cells in the prostate glands.
Once a patient exhibits any of the prostate cancer symptoms, any of the aforementioned methods will be used with diagnosis.
A patient's chances of recovery will depend on factors like age, state of health and the stage of cancer. Once cancer of the prostate is detected and treated earlier, then there will be a higher rate of survival and recovery.